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Academic Integrity & Citations


What is Academic Integrity? Academic integrity is a commitment that students make to follow a set of ethical standards pertaining to their studies. To maintain academic integrity authors of any type of scholarship must document all sources used.  “Sources” include, but may not be limited to, papers, presentations, and other projects from which authors borrow information.  “Citations” provide credit to these sources and allow readers to follow up on the author’s research. Authors “cite their sources” when they quote, paraphrase, summarize, or borrow from another document to write their paper.

Please read MMC’s Academic Honesty Policy for further information on the college’s academic standards


Please check with your instructor as to his/her/their preferred formatting style:

APA MLA Chicago


APA style is commonly used to cite sources in psychology, education, and the social sciences. 

MLA style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.

Chicago is used in the arts and humanities, and the Author-Date System, which is used in physical, natural, and social sciences.

Library citation tools: 
Noodle tools Noodle Tools(advanced)   Easybib


Citation basics: 

What is paraphrasing? Paraphrasing is when an author writes a source’s ideas “in their own words.”

What are in-text citations? In-text citations are included in the body of a written work.  

What is a “Works Cited” page? “Works cited” (which may run more than one page) are the sources the author quoted from, summarized, paraphrased, or otherwise borrowed to compose his/her/their text. If you have an in-text citation, you list the work in the “Works Cited.”

What is a bibliography? A bibliography lists all the works consulted in the process of writing a paper, whether or not these works are quoted, paraphrased, summarized, or otherwise borrowed from. Student papers have either a “Works Cited” or a bibliography, but not both.

What is an annotated bibliography? An annotated bibliography is a list of citations of books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief but descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.

 What is accidental plagiarism? Accidental plagiarism occurs when an author neglects to cite his/her/their sources, or misquotes sources, or paraphrases a source by using similar words, groups of words, and/or sentence structures without attribution. Accidental plagiarism can occur when an author does not use quotation marks, neglects to create a “Works Cited” page or a bibliography, or does not provide complete in-text and/or bibliographic citations.

Please view the following videos to become better informed on citations:

Why cite? Annotated In-text Citations  Citations